Cov txheej txheem:

Yuav ua li cas yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj mercury tawg hauv tsev
Yuav ua li cas yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj mercury tawg hauv tsev

Video: Yuav ua li cas yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj mercury tawg hauv tsev

Video: Tu tus kheej lis cas thaum muaj me nyuam thiaj zoo Nkauj! 2022, Hlis ntuj nqeg
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Yav dhau los, tus pas ntsuas kub muaj mercury nyob hauv txhua lub tsev. Txawm hais tias cov cuab yeej hluav taws xob tau siv ntau zuj zus tam sim no, tus ntsuas kub qub kuj tseem tuaj yeem pom hauv ntau tsev neeg. Kom tsis txhob muaj teeb meem, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub yuav ua li cas yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj cov tshuaj mercury tawg hauv tsev.

Qhov tshwm sim ntawm cov mercury nchuav

Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub tau tawg hauv tsev, koj yuav tsum tsis txhob nqa tus pas txhuam hniav thiab daus tam sim ntawd. Mercury yog cov kua ua kua, nws cov pa phem txaus ntshai, lawv muaj tshuaj lom rau tib neeg. Txawm hais tias nws tsis txaus hauv tus pas ntsuas kub, nws txaus rau tshuaj lom rau kaum leej neeg.

Qhov nyuaj yog tias cov npas mercury nyuaj rau sau, vim tias cov khoom feem ntau me me. Thiab yog tias lub tsev muaj ntoo hauv av, lawv nkag mus rau qhov chaw nruab nrab ntawm cov ntoo.

Yog tias chav tsis muaj cua nkag tsis zoo, cov pa phem tuaj yeem tsim kev puas tsuaj rau ib tus neeg. Yog li ntawd, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum ntsuas ntsuas xwm txheej ceev kom tshem cov seem ntawm tus pas ntsuas kub tawg.

Nthuav! Yuav ua li cas tshem cov pa roj carbon tuab los ntawm lauj kaub

Kev ceev

Mercury vapors yog qhov txaus ntshai rau txhua tus neeg nyob hauv tsev, suav nrog tsiaj. Kev kis tau tshwm sim sai, yog li qhov yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm tam sim.

Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj cov tshuaj mercury tawg hauv tsev, koj yuav tsum hu rau Lub Chaw Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Xwm Ceev ntawm 01 lossis 112. Cov kws tshaj lij paub yuav ua li cas thiaj tshem tau cov tshuaj mercury. Thiab ua ntej lawv tuaj txog, nws zoo dua yog tawm hauv tsev.

Tab sis feem ntau tib neeg nyiam ua ntawm lawv tus kheej. Tom qab ntawd koj yuav tsum paub cov cai ntawm tus cwj pwm, txwv tsis pub koj yuav tsis daws qhov teeb meem.

Kev ntsuas xwm txheej kub ntxhov muaj raws li hauv qab no:

  1. Tib neeg thiab tsiaj yuav tsum tawm hauv lawv lub tsev mus sai.
  2. Ib tus neeg twg uas yuav daws qhov teeb meem yuav tsum tau ntim nrog hnab looj tes kho mob, daim ntaub qhwv daim ntaub so rau hauv cov kua ntsev, cov khau npog.
  3. Hauv chav uas qhov xwm txheej tshwm sim, koj yuav tsum qhib lub qhov rai. Tsis tas yuav tsim daim ntawv sau, yog li kaw lub qhov rooj kom tiv thaiv cov tshuaj lom tsis zoo nkag mus rau lwm chav.
  4. Nws yog qhov tsim nyog los daws cov poov tshuaj permanganate, moisten ib daim ntaub hauv nws, thiab tom qab ntawd muab tso rau ntawm qhov chaw pib ntawm chav.
  5. Koj yuav tsum tshuaj xyuas qhov chaw uas ntsuas tus pas ntsuas tau tawg. Lub teeb nyem lossis lub teeb yuav los yooj yim.
  6. Cov iav iav yuav tsum tau muab tshem tawm. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom ceev faj - iav yog nyias, yog li nws cov khoom yuav luag tsis pom.

Kev ntxuav yuav tsum tau ua tiav tsuas yog tom qab cov kauj ruam qhia. Nws yog qhov tsim nyog los ua haujlwm kom zoo, yam tsis nrawm. Tsuas yog yog ua raws cov cai yuav ua tau kom tsis txhob raug mob.

Tom qab ntxuav tas, koj yuav tsum daws qhov teeb meem ntawm kev muab cov khoom seem ntawm tus pas ntsuas kub tawg. Nws raug txwv tsis pub muab pov rau hauv lub thoob khib nyiab, txawm tias nws tau ntim nruj nreem. Kev pov tseg cov khoom muaj cov tshuaj mercury uas yog cov khoom muaj kev phom sij yog ua los ntawm cov koom haum tshwj xeeb.

Nthuav! Yuav ua li cas kom tshem tau cov dev hauv tsev nyob hauv tsev

Puas siv tau cov hlau nplaum

Nws ntseeg tias cov mercury uas seem tuaj yeem raug tshem tawm nrog cov hlau nplaum. Qhov no yog qhov ua yuam kev, txij li cov khoom hauv nqe lus nug yog diamagnetic thiab nws cov khoom tsis lo rau cov hlau nplaum qub.

Tab sis yog tias muaj cov hlua tooj liab tso tseg thiab lub raj mis ntawm hydrochloric acid, ua tsaug rau cov cuab yeej no nws tuaj yeem tsim cov hlau nplaum zoo:

  1. Tsis txhob kaw qhov kawg ntawm cov hlau, sib sau ua "txhuam".
  2. Muab cov hlau xaim rau hauv cov kua qaub hydrochloric, coj nws mus rau qhov chaw uas tus pas ntsuas kub tau tawg, thiab saib xyuas qhov nyiam ntawm mercury. Qee lub sij hawm nws yuav tsum tau co nws tawm hla lub thawv kom tshem tawm cov hlau nplaum sib nqus.
  3. Thaum ua haujlwm, koj yuav tsum siv lub iav tsom iav txhawm rau ntsuas qhov ua kom huv.

Cov xaim siv tau muab pov tseg ua ke nrog lwm cov khoom seem.

Txoj hauv kev tshem cov tshuaj mercury

Kev xaiv txoj hauv kev, yuav ua li cas yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj cov tshuaj mercury tawg hauv tsev nyob ntawm seb hom nto uas nws tshwm sim. Cov khoom phom sij tuaj yeem nkag rau hauv qab daim phiaj, nruab nrab ntawm cov plag tsev, ntawm cov ntaub pua plag, rooj tog zaum.

Koj yuav tsum ua li no:

  1. Nws yog ib qho tsim nyog yuav tsum tau ntsuas tus pas ntsuas kub tawg thiab muab tso rau hauv lub taub ntim nrog dej. Tom qab ntawd cov ntawv tawg kuj tau sau rau ntawd.Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom ntseeg tau tias mercury tsis xau tawm ntawm cov iav seem.
  2. Koj yuav xav tau daim ntawv tuab (ib daim me me), uas koj yuav tsum tau ua los ntawm cov pob me. Nws tau sau nrog paj rwb swab thiab tom qab ntawd muab tso rau hauv lub taub ntim nrog dej.
  3. Nrog kev pab ntawm cov nplaum los yog daim kab xev, koj yuav tsum kho qhov chaw uas tus pas ntsuas kub tawg. Qhov no yuav tso cai rau koj sau txawm tias qhov me me ntawm cov khoom phom sij. Cov yas los yog daim kab xev raug muab pov rau hauv dej.
  4. Siv lub teeb pom kev zoo los tshuaj xyuas qhov quav thiab cov ces kaum. Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub tau tawg nyob ze ntawm phab ntsa, tom qab ntawv lub hauv paus yuav tsum tau muab cais kom huv. Los ntawm cov cheeb tsam no, cov pob raug tshem tawm siv lub raj txhaj tshuaj. Txhua yam siv hauv kev tshem tawm qhov tshwm sim tau muab tso rau hauv lub khob ntim nrog dej.
  5. Nws tseem yuav tau ntxuav cov qhov chaw uas tseem tshuav ntawm tus pas ntsuas kub, nrog dej, uas tau ntxiv cov tshuaj dawb.

Yog tias kev ua haujlwm siv sijhawm ntev, koj yuav tsum tawm hauv chav thiab tawm sab nraud txhua 15 feeb. Thaum tu, lub qhov rais yuav tsum qhib kom tiav thiab lub qhov rooj yuav tsum raug kaw. Cov kev ntsuas xwm txheej ceev no yuav pab koj tshem tawm cov khoom phom sij ntawm koj lub tsev.

Ua cov ntaub pua plag, rooj tog zaum, cov khoom ua si muag muag

Yog tias cov pob ntawm mercury nyob ntawm cov ntaub pua plag lossis rooj zaum, qhov kev ua yuav yog raws li hauv qab no:

  1. Yog tias muaj cov ntaub pua plag rau hauv pem teb, thiab cov rooj tog tau kho nrog cov khoom tsis muaj lint lossis tawv, tom qab ntawd cov tshuaj mercury raug tshem tawm ib yam nkaus li hauv pem teb.
  2. Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub nyob ntawm cov ntaub pua plag ntev, nws raug nquahu kom muab pov tseg. Thiab yog tias nws yog kev khuv leej, ces cov ntaub pua plag tau dov tawm thiab muab tso rau hauv lub hnab ntim nruj. Lub pob ntawv raug coj tawm mus rau hauv txoj kev. Cov ntaub pua tsev yuav tsum tau kis rau hauv av, thiab cov ntaub pua tsev yuav tsum tau dai rau ntawm nws. Mercury yuav tsum tau ua tib zoo thawb tawm ntawm pawg. Sau cov khoom los ntawm daim ntaub roj thiab muab tso rau hauv lub taub ntim nrog dej.

Nthuav! Yuav ua li cas ntxuav cov nyiaj hauv tsev los ntawm qhov tsaus ntuj

Thaum ntxuav tas, nws zoo dua los nqa cov ntaub pua plag mus rau chav tso tsheb lossis lub tsev sov rau 2-3 lub hlis. Nyob rau hauv tas li ntawd, cov khoom yuav tsum tau deployed. Qhov no yuav pab cov vapors khiav tawm.

Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub tau tawg ze ntawm cov khoom ua si, cov mercury tuaj yeem nkag rau lawv ib yam nkaus. Koj yuav tsum tau tshem tawm cov khoom zoo li no, vim tias lawv yuav muaj tshuaj lom nyob ntev, cov mercury yuav yaj.

Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub tawg, koj yuav tsum paub txog lub sijhawm huab cua ntawm cov mercury. Yog tias kev ntxuav tu tau zoo, lub qhov rais qhib rau ob peb teev. Lub sijhawm no, tsis muaj leej twg yuav tsum nyob hauv chav.

Pov tseg

Yog tias qhov tawg ntawm tus pas ntsuas kub tau sau, ntim rau hauv hnab, cov lus nug tshwm sim qhov twg coj mus. Muaj qhov tshwj xeeb muab pov tseg. Tej yam uas tau ntsib nrog cov tshuaj mercury kuj tau muab rau ntawd.

Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub muaj cov tshuaj mercury tawg hauv tsev, koj tuaj yeem kho qhov teeb meem, qhov tseem ceeb yog tsis txhob ntshai. Hu rau Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Xwm Ceev Xwm Ceev - cov kws tshaj lij yuav qhia koj yuav ua li cas ua ntej. Lawv yuav pab koj txhawm rau ntxuav chav kom raug thiab pov tseg cov seem ntawm cov khoom phom sij, saib xyuas kev nyab xeeb.

Cov ntsiab lus

  1. Yog tias tus pas ntsuas kub poob hauv tsev, koj yuav tsum hu rau Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Xwm Ceev.
  2. Chav tuaj yeem ntxuav los ntawm koj tus kheej, saib xyuas kev nyab xeeb.
  3. Kev pov tseg cov tshuaj mercury tuaj yeem sib txawv nyob ntawm qhov chaw uas nws pom.
  4. Tom qab ntawd, nws yuav tsum tau muab pov tseg.

Nrov los ntawm cov ncauj lus